Tour della Florida e carte aeronautiche USA

Argomenti su aviazione civile e procedure aeronautiche.

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Adler58 (Aurelio)
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Tour della Florida e carte aeronautiche USA

Messaggio da Adler58 (Aurelio) » 28/07/2020, 12:59

Iniziamo una nuova avventura: tour VFR 2020 della Florida, divisione XA di Ivao. Andiamo a trovare i maestri del volo moderno a casa loro, studiando e prendendo confidenza con le ottime "sectional maps"...
Scenario fotoreale autocostruito a ZL16 con Ortho4xp, che devo in qualche modo arricchire di alberi e casette, perché così è troppo "nudo"




Qui di seguito ho messo links al tour e alle carte USA

Link al tour: ... ivision=XA

Carta VFR online di tutti gli states (comodissima) :

Oppure si possono scaricare da qui i PDF delle varie Sectional Maps: ... ducts/vfr/

Esempio di un aeroporto (KEYW) dal sito Airnav, dove praticamente c'è tutto quel che serve:

Link a guide e istruzioni sulle carte USA: ... ero_guide/


VFR cruising altitude rules in the US and Canada

In the US, there are specific VFR cruising altitudes, based on the aircraft's course, to assist pilots in separating their aircraft while operating under visual flight above 3,000 ft above the surface (AGL) but below 18,000 ft Mean Sea Level (MSL). Unofficially, most pilots use these rules at all levels of cruise flight. FAR 91.159[6] states that any aircraft:

On a magnetic course of 0-179 degrees shall fly at an odd thousand ft MSL altitude +500 feet (e.g., 3,500, 5,500, or 7,500 ft); or
On a magnetic course of 180-359 degrees shall fly at an even thousand ft MSL altitude +500 feet (e.g., 4,500, 6,500, or 8,500 ft).

Low flying rules in the US

In the US, Part 91 (specifically 91.119[7]) of the Federal Aviation Regulations controls the minimum safe altitudes by which aircraft can be operated in the National Airspace System.

"Notwithstanding" rule
Though specific altitudes are called as noted below - there is an overreaching general requirement to maintain sufficient altitude that if a power unit fails, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface can be made. This may be significantly higher than 500ft or 1,000ft

500 ft rule
An aircraft must maintain an altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.

1000 ft rule
An aircraft must maintain an altitude of 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 feet of the aircraft over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons.

Other aircraft, such as helicopters, powered parachutes, and weight-shift-control aircraft, are not required to meet the FAR 91 minimums, so long as their operation is conducted without hazard to persons or property on the surface.